There was a wedding in Cana of Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, as well as Jesus and His disciples. In verses 3-4:
When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to Him, “They have no more wine.’ “Dear woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My time has not yet come.”
Jesus’ mother told the servants, “Whatever He tells you to do, do it. There were six stone pots used by the Jews for purification. Jesus told them to fill them to the brim. He told them to take it to the master of the feast. In verses 10-11 the master spoke to the bridegroom:
“.. Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now. This, the first of His miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed His glory, and His disciples put their faith in Him.”
Why did Jesus perfoms miracles and signs? Let’s look at the Old Testament. What are miracles and signs in the Old Testament?
They are proof of the truth of God’s words spoken by the prophets. In other words, if what the prophet says comes true, he’s truly a prophet. If it isn’t, he’s a false prophet. The punishment for this was quite severe. Stoning immediately!
It’s authentication that he has spoken for God, and not for himself.
It’s a herald of future events, something that is going to occur in the future, especially in relation to end times. In the Old Testament there are two concepts of end times. One end time is when Jesus comes. The Jews thought He would come one time, and one time only. They assumed that, when Jesus came, all these things would come to pass. What Jesus did, though, was inaugurate the Kingdom. He came to introduce an idea that the Kingdom is coming, and the Kingdom is already here, but the Kingdom will come in all of its fullness when you enter into the Kingdom as well.
We live in the tension between the times. It is really important that you feel that tension. God is with us today, just as He always has been and will be with us tomorrow. So we have this ability to stand up to the tension. What is that tension? That we live between the time of the Kingdom coming in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, but it’s still not complete. And we are fighting against the other kingdom of this world, the kingdom of Lucifer, who fights against the Kingdom of Heaven.
Every time in the Old Testament there is something about end times, either when Jesus comes the first time, or the second time, or it has the same meaning twice.
It is a reminder of the Old Testament promise that the Kingdom of God is meant for everyone, the chosen people of the Jews, but for the gentiles as well. God was going to expand who He called when Jesus came, and the call was always there to go out to all.
It’s a revelation of God’s glory manifested specifically in His only Son. Isaiah told us that when these things happen we will see it among THE prophet, the one Moses promised, the prophet above all the rest, the prophet Jesus.
In the New Testament, miracles and signs are a manifestation of the great power and glory of God first. The end sign of the Old Testament is the beginning sign of the New Testament. It is also an anticipation of even greater things. The transfiguration of Jesus, the death of Jesus, the resurrection of the Lord, His ascension into glory, the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, the end of the age when He returns, final resurrection and final judgment for all of humanity.
In Chapter 2:50 Jesus talks to Nathaniel:
“..You believe because I told you I saw you under the fig tree. You shall see greater things than that.”
God the Father is revealed to us through His Son, God the Father does His sovereign will through His Son. God the Father desires to forgive, heal, restore, and bless all of His children through His Son.
What do miracles and signs tell us about the second person of the trinity, Jesus Christ?
Jesus Christ is the full revelation, and the full presence of God in human form. He has the full power of God residing in Him. All of the Godhead was fully present. He was all God, and He was all man, the mystery of all time. It’s in veiled form, yet it comes through. Where does it come through most? In the forgiveness of people, the restoration of people, the healing of people, and in signs and miracles. These are where we get the glimpes of the glory of God.
Let’s look at the scripture. On the third day. What is that referring to? The resurrection. It is always looking forward. When Jesus died, the scripture tell us that everyone had lost hope. They thought everything was over. When did the sign come? On the third day. What is the meaning of the third day? First, the promise made to Nathaniel. The time elapsed after calling the first six disciple was three days. The third day after Jesus’ baptism. Calling the first disciples happened for three days after Jesus’ baptism. When you are baptised you are baptised into Jesus’ death. Therefore, when He comes again, you will be raised in His newness of life. We see Jesus ceremoniously going into the water, showing us that He is about to die, and on day three He makes wine. What is the wine the sign of? The blood.
Both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding. They are viewed as family in the culture of Jesus’ day. Some rabbis wold not marry for years, so their children were their followers in Jewish culture. To some degree, pastors have for extra children, all of you. We are responsible for taking care of you.
When they ran out of wine in verse 3, Jesus’ mother told Him they had no more wine. Notice something that is highlighted here. Mary did not force the hand of God. What she did was start a sequence of events to allow her Son to fulfill His earthly obligation to the young couple, for the rabbi was supposed to bring a special gift. Jesus came that day with no gift. He was quite impoverished. He had not yet drawn a group of followers who could support the ministry. This was an allusion to the heavenly wedding feast for all those who will sit with Him at the great wedding reception, where all the gifts will be given to us. So when Jesus says, “My time has not yet come,” what is He referring to? The hour of His death.
Jesus Christ self-limited Himself on earth. At times, He would limit His powers of God to be omniscient to know everything. Jesus Christ remained at all times obedient to His father God, but He also remained obedient to His earthly mother. He is a man, as well as God. Jesus Christ chose to honor and bless His children at that wedding then, and He chose to bless you His children now. God always wants to bless. Jesus Christ chose to show His honor and glory then at the wedding, and He chooses to do it today by the Holy Spirit. Look into one another’s eyes, and see the image of the invisible God.